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Author
dc.contributor.author
Haller József
Author
dc.contributor.author
Rompos Éva
Author
dc.contributor.author
Szabó Írisz
Author
dc.contributor.author
Humli Viktória
Author
dc.contributor.author
Christián László
Availability Date
dc.date.accessioned
2023-10-27T07:21:03Z
Availability Date
dc.date.available
2023-10-27T07:21:03Z
Release
dc.date.issued
2023
Issn
dc.identifier.issn
0379-0738
uri
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12944/20985
Abstract
dc.description.abstract
In principle, new psychoactive substances (NPSs) are produced to circumvent drug regulations. However, the mixed success of regulatory efforts suggests that the dynamics of marketing is incompletely understood. To address this issue, we conducted a comprehensive study on the marketing of all synthetic cannabinoids and cathinones present in Hungary over ten years. Market evaluation was based on drug seizure data and chemical analyses provided by the Hungarian Institute for Forensic Sciences. Over ten years, 18 synthetic cannabinoids and 11 cathinones were identified. Total seizure counts were 22,906 and 10,273, respectively. When new synthetic cannabinoids emerged, seizures increased exponentially, but rapidly declined after their banning. In parallel, new synthetic cannabinoids emerged on the market. The systematic monitoring of local legislation allowed large sales between market introduction and legal control. Cathinones were also marketed in successive waves, but trading intensity was not associated with local regulations. Sales remained low throughout, likely because the risks involved by the temporal mismatch between marketing and legal control. One can hypothesize that marketing was driven by general trends in EU regulations or by measures taken by large countries. Our findings imply the existence of two different strategies for NPS marketing. The choice between the two may depend on multiple factors from the availability of skills required by rapid marketing adjustments to cost/benefit evaluations for various market segments. Studying NPS market strategies in neighboring and distant EU countries may help analyzing and predicting market events.
Language
dc.language
en
Keywords
dc.subject
Synthetic cannabinoids
Keywords
dc.subject
Cathinones
Keywords
dc.subject
Drug regulation
Keywords
dc.subject
Drug trafficking
Keywords
dc.subject
EU
Title
dc.title
Drug regulations and trafficking: synthetic cannabinoids and cathinones in Hungary
Type
dc.type
folyóiratcikk
Date Change
dc.date.updated
2023-10-16T12:52:29Z
Version
dc.description.version
kiadői

dc.rights.accessRights
nyílt
Doi ID
dc.identifier.doi
10.1016/j.forsciint.2023.111778
Discipline Discipline +
dc.subject.discipline
Társadalomtudományok

dc.subject.sciencebranch
Társadalomtudományok/Rendészet tudományok
MTMT ID
dc.identifier.mtmt
34043449

dc.identifier.journalTitle
Forensic Science International

dc.identifier.journalVolume
349
Scope
dc.format.page
1-10
Wos ID
dc.identifier.wos
001040345800001
ID Scopus
dc.identifier.scopus
85164500079

dc.identifier.journalAbbreviatedTitle
FORENSIC SCI INT
Author institution
dc.contributor.department
Kriminálpszichológiai Tanszék
Author institution
dc.contributor.department
Rendészettudományi Doktori Iskola
Author institution
dc.contributor.department
Magánbiztonsági és Önkormányzati Rendészeti Tanszék
Author institution
dc.contributor.department
Kriminálpszichológiai Tanszék
Author institution
dc.contributor.department
Orálbiológiai Tanszék
Author institution
dc.contributor.department
Közigazgatási Jogi Tanszék
Author institution
dc.contributor.department
Rendszer-Neurobiológia Kutatócsoport
Author institution
dc.contributor.department
Magánbiztonsági és Önkormányzati Rendészeti Tanszék
Author institution
dc.contributor.department
Farmakológiai és Farmakoterápiás Intézet
Author institution
dc.contributor.department
Rendészettudományi Kar
Author institution
dc.contributor.department
Orvosi Fizikai és Orvosi Informatikai Intézet
Author institution
dc.contributor.department
VIII. osztály
Author institution
dc.contributor.department
Rendészettudományi Doktori Iskola


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Drug regulations and trafficking: synthetic cannabinoids and cathinones in Hungary
 
 

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